The Four Fundamentals to a Perfect Diamond

Are you ready to purchase a diamond but don't know where to start? The 4C's of diamond buying will help you find the perfect sparkling piece. The C's stand for cut, color, clarity and carat. Jewelers use the 4C's to select the best diamonds, but for buyers, it is equally important to have the same knowledge so you know exactly what you are purchasing. With Murphy-Pitards ultimate guide to the 4C's, you are sure to find the perfect diamond.


The most important characteristic of the 4C's is the cut. There are three distinct features of a diamond's cut that determine how the surface interacts with light. The first aspect of this is the precision of a diamond. The angles and dimensions of the cut allow the maximum amount of light to pass through a stone. A precisely cut diamond will shimmer and shine brilliantly.

The second aspect is symmetry. Cutting the diamond to be symmetrical increases the amount of light shining through the diamond. Finally, the polish of the diamond is observed. It is important for a diamond to have a nice finish so that light can pass through and make it sparkle. All of these factors combined determine how well light hits and travels through the diamond. A well cut diamond will shine brilliantly, while a poorly cut diamond will appear dull and lackluster.


The second C refers to the color of a diamond. Certain minerals in the earth cause coloration while a diamond forms. Therefore, it's rare to find a seemingly colorless diamond that hasn't been touched by these natural elements. So, diamonds that are yellow in color are more common and will often cost less than a colorless one.


Clarity assesses the blemishes in a diamond. Blemishes and inclusions are markings on the diamond that occur naturally as it's forming underground. When these are present, it creates dark spots on the stone and interferes with how light shines through the diamond. Diamonds that rank low on the scale for clarity have multiple inclusions and imperfections. This is important because when there are more inclusions on a diamond it directly affects the light allowed in, making it appear dull and lackluster.


Often confused for size, carat is a measurement of the diamond's weight. One carat is equivalent to approximately .2 grams. To put this into perspective, a paper clip weighs about the same as a 1 carat diamond. Alone, carat weight doesn't decide a diamond's value. When comparing two diamonds of the same weight it is likely that they will differ in size. The carat weight is dependent on the cut of the diamond, if it is cut well then it will have a higher carat count.

Find Your Perfect Diamond at Murphy-Pitard

Now that you understand what makes a diamond shine, it's time to find the perfect sparkler. You can visit Murphy-Pitard's diamond page to learn even more about the 4C's of diamonds and begin your search. We can't wait to see what diamond you choose, happy shopping!